When the script calls for on-camera use in a scene (actor sings song or song is performed by band in scene), how is that music cleared and then recorded? That music has to be cleared in advance. The producers need to tell the master and song owners that it is Visual Vocal (or visual source vocal like a juke box) or Visual Instrumental which gets them a higher upfront license fee, and more backend money performance income.

I was on the music supervision team for Vin Diesel’s first movie he wrote and produced back in the early 2000’s called Strays. He had sung “If I Only Had a Heart” from the Wizard of Oz a capella in a scene to a girlfriend he was wooing. His producers did not clear the song in advance, so we had to scramble to get the song cleared after the movie was done, and were lucky to get it for under 20K from EMI as I recall. Close call!